Choosing how the query result are displayed

When working in Query Editor of the SQL Server Management Studio, you can choose how to display the query results. There are 3 different ways to choose from and each of them has its advantage. You can choose/ switch the display format from the standard toolbar of the Management Studio by selecting the required format icon. The 3 icons to choose from are highlighted in the image below.

By default,  query results are displayed in Grid format. Choosing this display format is in a way more convenient than other formats since the result-set displayed is tabular format which is easy to understand, the columns can be re-sized in order to fit the screen and more importantly the entire result-set or part of it can be copy pasted to an excel sheet for more analysis or ad-hoc reporting purpose. A sample image is displayed below. To switch from other format to Grid format press Ctrl + D.

To make the results displayed in text format press Ctrl + T. Switching from one result format to other format will be effective from the next time query is executed. The below image shows the results in a text format, the downside of this format is the columns in the result-set are displayed according to their actual column width and causing a wider display of the results than desired and the columns cannot be re-sized.

To switch from other format to Grid format press Ctrl + Shift + F.

This way of having the result-set might not be a desired option for immediate viewing of the results, but this can be used when the output needs to be saved in a text format for future reference or to attach the result-set as an email attachment. When the query is executed, a dialog box is opened in order to choose the location of the file to be created. By default the files are report file with “.rpt” extension, you can choose a different extension also.

There is another way to switching / selecting the results format. Right click in the query editor, from the pop up menu, go to Results To and choose the desired format as shown in the image below.

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How to know the SQL Server Version

In order to know the SQL Server and Edition details you would be possibly looking at the SQL Server properties and find out the details. Occasionally it might be needed to check the same as part of a job / or a script, you need to query the SQL Server for this info. In order to do this you can use @@Version to retrieve the installation information of SQL Server.

The following images displays the output from the same T-SQL command when run on different types of SQL installations.

The above result indicates the SQL Server is 2008 Developer Edition running 64-bit version of the SQL Server. Note that it displays some details about the operating system too. Here in the above case it is Windows Server 2008 and the machine is a Virtual Machine.

The above result is displayed when executed on an instance running SQL Server 2000 Enterprise Edition hosted by a Windows Server 2003. Note that it displays the Service Pack 2 for the Windows Server 2003 and the service pack information is not for the SQL Server.

It is through experience we know how to identify the Windows Server Version (2003 or 2008) by looking at the Windows NT 5.2 (for 2003) and 6.1 (for 2008) etc.

Use the following script.

SELECT @@VERSION AS [VERSION DETAILS]

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Backup Information for a Database

How do I find the backup information about a particular database ?

Some one asked me this question in the past and since it is being repeatedly asked in forums and to me personally , I decided to write this.

Having the backup information of a database is very important for a database administrator. In case of disaster, the DBA has to be aware when was the last time that database was backed up.  If a SQL Server is inherited from another Admin and the schedule of the backups and the backup types performed is not known it is easy to find by querying the backup related tables in MSDB.

One of those tables is msdb.dbo.backupset. It has the backup information related to all databases on that instance. information such as backup size, backup type and the start and end time of the backup to name a few.

The following script is one such script that gives the backup info of a specific database with the most recent one first.

The value in bkup_type column indicates the type of backup performed. D indicates FULL backup, I indicates Differential and L indicates Log backup.

Use the following Script.

DECLARE @DBNAME VARCHAR(50)

SET @DBNAME = 'LSWB'

SELECT CEILING(((backup_size / 1024)/1024)/1024)
Bkup_Size_In_GB,
CEILING(((backup_size / 1024)/1024)) Bkup_Size_In_MB,
[type] Bkup_Type,
backup_start_date StartTime,backup_finish_date
FROM msdb.dbo.backupset
WHERE DATABASE_NAME = @DBNAME
ORDER BY backup_start_date DESC

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